In this article we will talk about Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate And Clubfoot problem, treatment, symptoms, examination, details of operation, care of the parents. With this article, you can identify and treat your child’s birth defects and treat them immediately.
Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate Problem
Cleftlip and pellet are innate defects that arise during pregnancy. During the development of the embryo, the cleft lip is formed if the two sides of the lips do not connect with each other in the way they normally should. Cleft palate deficiency occurs if the upper part of the mouth is not fully developed during pregnancy. The baby may have a cleft palate / pellet from birth or it may have both defects.
Cleftlip can be very small, with only a small groove in the red part of the upper lip, which does not require any immediate treatment. The form of lip ulceration can be extremely severe, with the lips split up to the nose.
Cleftlip defects can be of two types: single cleft or unilateral flat (there is a fracture in the lip) as well as double cleft or bilateral cleft (there are two fractures in the lip). This problem always arises in the upper lip. In the case of cleft palate, the palate may be limited to just a small pit or even a long rash from the front of the mouth to the back of the mouth. This causes a long groove on the part of the palate. According to the ‘National Bird Defect Prevention Study’ conducted in the United States, smoking and diabetes are two of the main reasons for mothers to have a locking palate in infants. Cleftlip deficiency is more common in men, while cleft palate problems are more common in women.
Cleft Lip, Cleft Palate Treatment steps
- Flatlight surgery.
- Surgery for Flaft Pallet.
- Follow-up surgery.
- Available at every government hospital.
- During the age of 1 to 4 months,
- During 5 to 15 months of age.
- From 2 years to the final years of puberty.
What Can teachers do?
- In this case it is very important to guide parents.
- Explain to parents how to feed a baby.
- The goal of treating cleftlip and cleft palate is to enable the child to have the ability to eat, speak, hear and breathe and make his face look normal. Such children. General Chat Chat Lounge General Chat Chat Lounge Referral to / District Hospital.
- In some cases more than one operation is required. That should explain to the guardian.
Clubfoot is a congenital defect that leaves the feet, ankles, and fingers hooked if left untreated at an early stage. This defect may result in permanent impairment. If the child is not treated properly, the child suffering from clubfoot runs away. Can’t run or play. Clubfoot is one of the most widely seen birth defects globally.
Clubfoot Main signs and symptoms.
- The deformed shape of the foot, the front of the foot is curved inward.
- Fingers move downwards.
- The feet are bent over its outer edge.
- Inertia and other movements of the legs vary with the movements.
- Tightened Achilles tendon due to those toes that cannot touch the skin of the toe.
Legs That Have Not Been Treated Due To Neglect
Detection / Treatment
- If the defect is mild and the ankle can bend, then the mother can be assured that the doctor will show her some exercises that will help her baby’s feet to function properly.
- Refer to the orthopedic surgeon without delay, explain to parents that plaster casting will need to be done in a series of 4 – 6 weeks to treat this defect and improve the foot, and then use the braces immediately.
- Most children require minor surgery (tendon chopping off the back of the ankle) before the final cast, which is performed by providing a local anesthetic.
- The rate of births per 1000 is 1 – 2%.
What can teachers do?
- If most parents do not treat him as paralyzed by polio, he should be referred for treatment.